Faculty and faculty-student committees carry a considerable share of the responsibility for creating and implementing College policies. Standing faculty committees are permanent committees created by a vote of the faculty. Change in their composition or charge requires faculty approval. Standing faculty committees have either elected or appointed faculty members. Faculty members on the Committee on Appointments and Promotions (CAP), the Faculty Steering Committee, the Committee on Educational Affairs (CEA), and the divisional representatives of the Standing Grievance Panel and the Faculty Compensation Committee are elected by a vote of the faculty. Faculty are appointed to all other standing committees. Each spring faculty are asked to indicate their preferences for assignments to non-elective standing committees. The President, acting through the Dean of the Faculty, in consultation with the Faculty Steering Committee, then appoints faculty to those standing committees. The at-large members of the Faculty Compensation Committee, however, are appointed directly by the Faculty Steering Committee.